Many people automatically assume that a blood clot is bad news. That’s not always the case, in fact blood clots can actually be lifesavers if they stop bleeding from occurring. They can become an issue if they form abnormally. If that happens you can run the risk of a heart attack or stroke.
How Does Your Blood Clot?
Blood has one of the hardest jobs in the body. It has to flow continuously with no breaks and it has to continue this smoothly for an entire lifetime. Not only is it responsible for it’s continuous travels but it also has to make a fast acting clot when we injure ourselves and bleeding occurs. So how does it manage to do all this? It does it through complex interactions between the substance in blood and the blood vessel walls.
How Does A Blood Clot Form?
Platelet Plug Forms: Your blood is home to tiny components called platelets and they begin the process of blood clotting. When platelets discover a damaged blood vessel they go into action and become stimulated. They move to the damaged site and clump together to form what essentially is a plug to clot the area; this reduces the bleeding.
Chemical Reactions: Blood contains clotting factors through dissolved proteins. When bleeding occurs these are signalled into action. A chemical reaction begins creating fibrin, a protein that forms blood clots. These protein clots are a lot tougher than a plug.
Anti-clotting Process: Once your blood successfully clots you want to stop the clot from continuing to grow. It can do damage in your body if it is left to spread. Your blood contains many anti-clotting properties The enzymes that we have in our blood remove excess clotting, preventing it from going further than the injured area.
Breaking Down The Blood Clot: As the injured area begins to heal our body will slowly break down the blood clot and reabsorb it into our blood. We have an enzyme called plasmin that works at dissolving the fibrin in the blood clot.
What Is The Cause Of Blood Clots?
The reason your blood will begin to clot is when it’s triggered by flowing blood that becomes exposed by another substance. One of those substances are thrombogenic and it’s located in the skin. It’s not normally in contact with blood unless the blood vessel wall has been ruptured.
Sadly most strokes and heart attacks are the result of the formation of a blood clot on plaque inside of an artery located in the brain or heart. When that plaque ruptures, thrombogenis is exposed to blood which triggers the clotting process.
Another reason you may experience blood clotting is if your blood stops flowing properly.